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BIS Survey: Two-Thirds of Central Banks may issue retail CBDC within six years


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A recent survey by the Bank of International Settlements (BIS) revealed that 90% of central banks are exploring the possibility of issuing a central bank digital currency (CBDC), while over 50% are currently engaged in “concrete experiments” with CBDCs. More than two-thirds see the possibility of issuing a retail CBDC within the next six years.

BIS CBDC Research Survey
BIS CBDC Research Survey

The survey, which included 81 of the world’s central banks found that:

  • More than 70% of central banks are considering a CBDC model which would involve collaboration with the private sector. Many central banks envisage private firms providing wallet services, performing KYC, or handling retail payments.
  • 76% of central banks working on a CBDC are exploring interoperability with current payment systems.
  • The majority of central banks believe that CBDCs could play an integral role in facilitating easier cross-border payments.
  • 68% of central banks surveyed by the BIS think that they will be in a position to issue a retail CBDC within the next 6 years.

The BIS also reported that most central banks are investigating the use of cryptocurrencies. In particular, around 70% of central banks are examining the impact of stablecoins on monetary and financial stability.

Read more: BIS Test R3 and Partior Prototypes in CBDC Bridge Project

At present, a handful of countries have already issued CBDCs. The Bahamian “Sand Dollar” was the first to launch in 2020, while in 2021 Nigeria issued the eNaira and China released a pilot version of its e-CNY.


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